Bratati Das and Ashis Bhattacharjee* Pages 65 - 78 ( 14 )
Background: Melting of a pure crystalline material is generally treated thermodynamically which disregards the dynamic aspects of the melting process. According to the kinetic phenomenon, any process should be characterized by activation energy and preexponential factor where these kinetic parameters are derivable from the temperature dependence of the process rate. Study on such dependence in case of melting of a pure crystalline solid gives rise to a challenge as such melting occurs at a particular temperature only. The temperature region of melting of pure crystalline solid cannot be extended beyond this temperature making it difficult to explore the temperature dependence of the melting rate and consequently the derivation of the related kinetic parameters.
Objective: The present study aims to explore the mechanism of the melting process of maleic anhydride in the framework of phase transition models. Taking this process as just another first-order phase transition, occurring through the formation of nuclei of new phase and their growth, particular focus is on the nucleation and growth models.
Methods: Non-isothermal thermogravimetry, as well as differential scanning calorimetry studies, has been performed. Using isoconversional kinetic analysis, temperature dependence of the activation energy of melting has been obtained. Nucleation and growth models have been utilized to obtain the theoretical temperature dependencies for the activation energy of melting and these dependencies are then compared with the experimentally estimated ones.
Conclusion: The thermogravimetry study indicates that melting is followed by concomitant evaporation, whereas the differential scanning calorimetry study shows that the two processes appear in two different temperature regions, and these differences observed may be due to the applied experimental conditions. From the statistical analysis, the growth model seems more suitable than the nucleation model for the interpretation of the melting mechanism of the maleic anhydride crystals.
Differential scanning calorimetry, isoconversional kinetics, maleic anhydride, melting mechanism, thermogravimetry, acid anhydride.
Department of Physics, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan-731235, Department of Physics, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan-731235