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Structure and Reactivity of Selected Pyrimidine and Purine Bases in the External Electric Field

[ Vol. 8 , Issue. 4 ]


Józef Mazurkiewicz, Piotr Tomasik* and Wojciech Ciesielski   Pages 263 - 278 ( 16 )


Background: The study of the effect of External Electric Field (EEF) on the structure of several biologically important compounds is now extended to pyrimidine and purine bases.

Objectives: The present study involves computations of changes in energy and dipole moments, the charge density of pyrimidine bases (cytosine, thymine and uracil) and purine bases (adenosine and guanine) in the external electric field of 0.00, 5.14, 25.70 and 51.40 MV/cm.

Method: The computations were performed applying HyperChem 8.0 software together with the PM3 method for optimization of the conformation of the molecules.

Results: The rise in the EEF strength to 5.14 MV/cm has a subtle effect on the molecular energy of the bases under consideration. A slight tendency in decreasing that energy can, however, be observed. On elevating the strength up to 25.70 MV/cm the decrease in molecular energy was more significant. EEF has a tremendous effect on the reorientation of the molecules in the Cartesian system. It influences tautomeric equilibria.

Conclusion: Observed changes evoked by the EEF were specific for particular molecules. They resulted mainly from the polarization of the bonds and from steric deformations of the molecules.


Adenine, cytosine, guanine, numerical computations, tautomers, thymine, uracil.


Department of Chemistry and Physics, University of Agriculture, Krakow, Nantes Nanotechnological Systems, 21, Dolne Mlyny Street, 59700 Bolesławiec, Institute of Chemistry, Environmental Protection and Biotechnology, Jan Dlugosz Academy, Czestochowa

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